adult

“How do I know if I have a Concussion?” – Signs and Symptoms of concussions in adults and children.

At the ATC conventions many of the topics are around concussions; “how do you properly diagnose an athlete with a concussion?” “What are the signs and symptoms?” We wanted to help inform athletes, parents, and coaches on what exactly a concussion entails and what to do if you think you have one. Below are two lists, one for adults and one for children, that will help you be able to recognize the signs of a concussion.  If you have signs of a concussion, please see a doctor immediately for further instruction and proper procedures. 

*These two lists can be found at WebMD.com and MayoClinic.org.

“It is not always easy to know if someone has a concussion. You don’t have to pass out (lose consciousness) to have a concussion. Symptoms of a concussion range from mild to severe and can last for hours, days, weeks, or even months. If you notice any symptoms of a concussion, contact your doctor.” – WebMD

Symptoms of a concussion fit into four main categories:

  • Thinking and remembering
    • Not thinking clearly
    • Temporary loss of consciousness
    • Feeling slowed down
    • Not being able to concentrate
    • Not being able to remember new information
    • Delayed response to questions*
    • Slurred speech*
  • Physical
    • Headache or feeling of pressure of the head
    • Fuzzy or blurry vision
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Dizziness
    • Ringing in the ears
    • Sensitivity to light or noise
    • Balance problems
    • Feeling tired or having no energy
  • Emotional and mood
    • Easily upset or angered
    • Sad
    • Nervous or anxious
    • More emotional
  • Sleep
    • Sleeping more than usual
    • Sleeping less than usual
    • Having a hard time falling asleep

Symptoms in Young children:

  • Crying more than usual.
  • Headache that does not go away.
  • Changes in the way they play or act.
  • Changes in the way they nurse, eat, or sleep.
  • Being upset easily or having more temper tantrums.
  • A sad mood.
  • Appearing dazed
  • Lack of interest in their usual activities or favorite toys.
  • Loss of new skills, such as toilet training.
  • Loss of balance and trouble walking.
  • Not being able to pay attention.

Sources:

 “Concussion – Overview.” . Healthwise, Incorporated, 29 Nov. 2011. Web. 25 June 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/brain/tc/traumatic-brain-injury-concussion-overview&gt;.

Mayo Clinic Staff. “Concussion Symptoms.” . N.p., 2 Apr. 2014. Web. 25 June 2014. <http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/concussion/basics/symptoms/con-20019272&gt;.

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